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Bachmann Passenger Car Lighting Tips

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Big Hauler Passenger Set

Contents


The Problem

Bachmann Passenger cars often have illuminated interiors. The constant lighting is implemented with a 9 volt battery. Even though the lights only draw about 90 mA, this load can flatten a fairly expensive alkaline battery in about an hour. Rechargeable 9 volt batteries are available, but they cost even more than the alkalines and they only last a little over half an hour.

Bachmann didn't provide track power lighting to keep the manufacturing cost down (early cars didn't even have metal wheels). Also, adding contact wipers to the wheels adds considerable drag which could tax a stock Bachmann Big Hauler.

It turns out to be fairly easy to add track powered constant lighting to these cars for about $10 dollars worth of parts, NOT counting replacement metal wheels.

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Constant Voltage Regulator

voltage regulatorAn effective method to add constant lighting is to replace the 9 volt battery with a track powered 9 volt regulator. Fortunately this is easy to do as all the circuitry fits within the battery compartment and you don't even have to open up the car. This isn't a particularly neat installation, but it can't be seen when the car is on the track so it doesn't really matter. The modification is completely reversible so that it can be removed and a battery reinstalled if desired (for what reason I don't know).


voltage regulator schematicThis is the circuit for a 9 volt regulator using a commonly available 3 terminal adjustable regulator IC. All the parts are available at Radio Shack. The regulator takes track power from some source such as wheel pickups and regulates the voltage to 9 volts. If the track voltage is less than 12 volts or so, the lights will be dimmer. If you use Aristo PWC however, the 50 micro farad capacitor will fully charge on the PWC peaks at the first crack of the throttle and the lights will be at full intensity before the Big Hauler starts to move.

The regulator could probably be used without a heat sink because the lighting power is so low, but it gets pretty warm without one. A cheap TO-220 type heat sink keeps the regulator temperature under control. The cover for the battery compartment should not be replaced so that air can circulate around the circuit.

If you use DCC, you don't need this circuit although it will still work. Just insert a 100 ohm 1 watt resistor in series with the lights and the power pickups.


Parts

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Power Pickups

Power can be supplied from any source available. Power can be wired back from the engine with connectors like those shown on my Power Connector Tips page. Power can also be picked up from the wheels on the passenger cars themselves. If this is done and if the cars are wired to the engine, the engine operation on dirty track will be considerably improved. However, the downside of adding power pickups to the cars is that power pickups add considerable drag unless you use the very expensive LGB ball bearing wheels with integral power pickups.

bachmann truck contact pocketsThe Bachmann trucks have contact pockets molded right into them, one set for each truck. These pockets can be drilled out with a 13/64" drill and they will accept a 14 mm LGB contact (LGB p/n 63120) easily. If they are drilled out a little deeper, they will also accept the 16 mm contact. These come packaged 8 to a bag, four 14 mm contacts and four 16 mm contacts per bag for about $10 a bag. This truck has been drilled for the 16 mm contacts. When you drill out the pockets, DO IT BY HAND. A power drill will take out too much plastic too fast and you'll probably drill straight through. You might also melt the soft plastic. If you do drill through, don't despair. Just cut a little piece of styrene and insert it between the contacts to space them apart.

When you drill out the pocket, part of the wall at the a base will either break through or nearly break through so that you can cut out the thin wall left behind to provide a wire access. Solder a flexible wire to the back of the contact first and then thread the wire into the pocket and then push the contact in. Be careful when you are reassembling the truck as the contacts are very brittle and if you apply side pressure to the contacts, they will break.

You can't use the Bachmann metal rimmed wheels if your car is equipped with them. For some reason, there are round holes in the backs of the metal wheel rims that will catch the contacts and break them. Change out the wheels to some other kind of metal wheel and use the Bachmann metal rimmed wheels in some less critical application.



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© 1998-2000 George Schreyer
Created Dec 26, 1998
Last Updated July 28, 2000
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